Pages 389–477 in Marcel Mauss, Sociologie et anthropologie. LÉVI-STRAUSS, CLAUDE 1945 French Sociology. 2d ed. (1904) 1960 Hsdubert, Henri; and Mauss, Mcarcel Esquisse d’une théorie g\énérale de la magie. • Derrida, J., 1992 [1991]. Although he never did fieldwork, Mauss turned the attention of French sociologists, philosophers, and psychologists toward ethnology. → First published in Journal de psychologie. Neuwied (Germany): Luchterhand. Encyclopedia of Religion. 2d ed. Marcel Mauss, (born May 10, 1872, Épinal, Fr.—died Feb. 10, 1950, Paris), French sociologist and anthropologist whose contributions include a highly original comparative study of the relation between forms of exchange and social structure. The journal was intended primarily as an outlet for specialized researches. Pages 1–141 in Marcel Mauss, Sociologie et anthropologie. L'Année sociologique (1904). (b. Paris, France, 23 January 1872; d. Paris, 19 December 1946) Mauss, Marcel. Glencoe, III. Marcel Mauss died on February 11, 1950, aged sixty-seven. (October 16, 2020). Encyclopedia.com. . □. Among his earliest works is “Essai sur la nature et la fonction du sacrifice” (1899; Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function). Sociologie et anthropologie (1950) is a collection of essays he published between 1904 and 1938. Corrections? He revived the journal after World War i. Encyclopaedia Judaica. Univ. In this chapter, we will closely examine the concept of the “gift” in anthropological scholarship. This transcription of a one-hour lecture comes from a edited… Radcliffe-Brown, … [See alsoEthnography; Exchange AND Display; Magic; Myth AND Symbol; Ritual; Social Structure; and the biographies of Block; Durkheim; Febvre; Granet; Herskovits; Malinowski; Metraux; Polanyi; Radcliffe-brown; Redfield.]. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. . Encyclopedia of World Biography. ." He appears particularly to have influenced the following anthropologists: A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, B. Malinowski (both of whom in different ways distorted his somewhat refined Durkheimianism), E. E. Evans-Pritchard, R. Firth, M. J. Herskovits,W. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. Born to a family of merchants and rabbis at Épinal in 1872, Mauss studied philosophy at Bordeaux under Durkheim. His lectures were described as abounding in new and productive ideas that inspired books and theses. Mauss, Marcel. Mauss, Marcel. → Based on a course given annually from 1926 to 1939 at the Institut d“Ethnologie de 1”Universite de Paris. For Mauss, gift exchange is associated with societies that are based on kinship relations that define the transactors and their relations to each other. He taught, in addition, at the Collége de France from 1930 to 1939. After gaining his agrégation (teaching exam) in philosophy in 1895, he gave up the standard career path of secondary teaching, turning his attention instead to sociology of religion. Journal de psychologie (1935). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mauss-marcel, Fischoff, Ephraim "Mauss, Marcel Mauss taught Hindu and Buddhist philosophy at the University of Paris from 1900 to 1902, when he succeeded to a chair in the history of religion of primitive peoples. Pages 363-386 in Marcel Mauss, Sociologie et anthropologie. In an essay titled "Sociologie" [Sociology] which he co-authored with Paul Fauconnet in 1901 for La Grande Encyclopédie, he stressed the psychological aspect of social life, beliefs and communal feelings. Although Mauss did not receive a degree, he placed high in the national Agrégation competition in 1895. ." He was one of the team of young scholars assembled by Durkheim for his journal L'Année sociologique (1898–1913), and directed its section on religion. . LÉvi-Strauss, Claude (1950) 1960 Introduction á l’oeuvre de Marcel Mauss. Frequently comparative and backed up with detailed evidence, the research undertaken by Mauss was set out as part of a program that had as its subject the ritual expressions of religious life and as its purpose the development of a theory of the sacred. Mauss's most influential work is his Essay sur le don (1923–24; English translation: The Gift. There has been no biographical treatment of Mauss. Mauss worked very closely with Durkheim. The Institute attracted many students and researchers—Jeanne Cuisinier, Alfred Métraux, Marcel Griaule (1898–1956), Georges Dumézil (1898–1986), Denise Paulme, Michel Leiris, Germaine Dieterlen, Louis Dumont, André-Georges Haudricourt, Jacques Soustelle, Germaine Tillion, and others—who led many field studies, particularly in Africa, and organized the first important ethnological expeditions. 63-81), where he stressed both the loss in terms of the quality of human relationships that occurs when exchange becomes purely economic and the need to restore the older themes of “freedom and obligation in the gift, of generosity and self-interest in giving” (ibid., p. 66). He was a founder of the Ethnology Institute of the University of Paris (1925) and also taught at the Collège de France (1931–39). and Mauss, MarcelMéanges d’histoire des religions. Fischoff, Ephraim "Mauss, Marcel C. Lévi-Strauss, in: G. Gurvitch and W.E. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). The form and reason of exchange in archaic societies"). → With the collaboration of H. Beuchat. 16 Oct. 2020 . His views on the theory and method of ethnology are thought to have influenced many eminent social scientists, including Claude Lévi-Strauss, A.R. L'Année sociologique (1925). It is indicative of the cooperative nature of the work done by the brilliant young scholars whom Durkheim had assembled around the journal Année sociologique (published in 12 volumes between 1898 and 1913) that almost all of Mauss’s major work in this period was written in collaboration: with Hubert he published “Essai sur la nature et la fonction du sacrifice” in 1899, “Esquisse d’une theorie generale de la magie” in 1904, and “Introduction a I’analyse de quelques phenomenes religieux” in 1908; with Beuchat he published “Essai sur les variations saisonniéres des societes eskimos” in 1906; and with Fauconnet he published an important encyclopedia article on sociology in 1901.