HOW WE WORK. Mohsen Fakhrizadeh: What were the motives behind his killing? The firm's workforce was overwhelmingly Protestant and some Catholic staff were subjected to … Harland Wolff constructed over 70 ships for the White Star Line. Unite issued a statement calling for the yard to be given work refitting aircraft carriers, building frigates and assembling submarines for the British navy’s imperialist adventures. Harland and Wolff has also been badly scarred by sectarianism. Since then it has worked on other areas of marine engineering such as oil rig refurbishment and offshore wind turbines. The experienced Harland & Wolff team is ideally positioned to support the full lifecycle needs of the maritime and offshore industries. They were heavily unionised and well paid by local standards. A future based on building more vessels to create more ecological damage is not sustainable. The experienced Harland & Wolff team is ideally positioned to support the full lifecycle needs of the maritime and offshore industries. Serbia coronavirus: The Church losing its leaders to the pandemic. 159 YEARS OF OFFSHORE AND MARITIME ENGINEERING. When people think of Harland and Wolff and Belfast, the image of the cranes is usually the first thing that comes to mind, after the Titanic. He adds that the firm's management was "slow at addressing community difficulties". Harland and Wolff has also been badly scarred by sectarianism. In 1886 an estimated 1000 shipwrights attacked and drove away Catholic navvies. They were also enthusiastic participants in every major sectarian pogrom in 19th and 20th centuries, an aspect of the firm’s history that is being ignored in favour of Titanic themed nostalgia in virtually all the coverage of the struggle to save the jobs. Catholics were denied all access to the permanent unionised jobs for much of the 19th and 20th century and the workforce was frequently involved in large scale sectarian violence against unskilled, casual Catholic labourers who were allowed to work in the nearby docks. With the rise of the jet-powered airliner in the late 1950s, the demand for ocean liners declined. Pub. Belfast shipyard Harland and Wolff once employed 35,000 people writes Barney Cassidy. But it has also faced longstanding financial problems and over the decades about £1bn of taxpayers' money has been pumped into Harland and Wolff to keep it afloat. Hadas Thier talks about her new book “A Peoples Guide to Capitalism”, which is a lively, accessible, and timely guide to Capitalism for those who want to understand and dismantle the world of the 1%. GREECE 2015: There was an alternative. It was once one of Northern Ireland's biggest employers and the engine room of its economy. The launch of the Canberra in 1960 marked the last cruise liner to be built in Belfast, and by the middle of the decade, the business was in serious decline. Ethiopian PM claims capture of Tigray capital. However, if the jobs are saved and the land isn’t sold off for another luxury development, any plan for the future must also take in to account the firm’s violent sectarian past and its workforce must never again be allowed to become the militant vanguard of a sectarian ideology. John McDonnell has visited the workers and has suggested that the yard diversifies into making new products. If there is one thing to be learned from this history it is that unionised workers are not a progressive force if their power is directed at maintaining a reactionary status quo. It returned to private ownership in 1989 through a management-employee buyout, backed by the Norwegian industrialist Fred Olsen. This means that the 125 people still working there are almost certainly going to lose their jobs. Harland and Wolff: Administrators appointed to shipyard firm, What does Ethiopia's Tigray crisis mean for the region? Before we offer some pointers to a possible programme for defending the jobs, it is useful to make an honest account both of the company’s history and the environmental impact of the shipping industry. Another worker said a colleague asked if he was a Protestant and when he said no, he was ordered out of the shipyard by a gunman. £14. 'I didn’t know other LGBT Muslims existed' Video, 'I didn’t know other LGBT Muslims existed', Durham van traveller Esther Dingley missing in Pyrenees, Zappos ex-boss and Las Vegas entrepreneur Tony Hsieh, 46, dies after house fire, Covid: Boris Johnson writes to MPs to quell anger over new tiers, American football: Sarah Fuller makes history as first woman in a Power 5 game, Serbia and Montenegro expel respective ambassadors, Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: PM claims capture of regional capital Mekelle, Hundreds get wrong results due to Covid test error. Established in 1861, Harland & Wolff has 159 years of maritime experience. By that stage it was still employing about 10,000 people. The Australian city recorded a minimum overnight temperature of 25.4C. © 2020 BBC. Gary Barlow: 'I'm not as confident as I was at 21', 'I think about the London Bridge attack every day', When does lockdown actually end? Published[...], On Saturday 12th December, Another Europe is Possible will be holding its annual conference. The firm's workforce was overwhelmingly Protestant and some Catholic staff were subjected to insults, threats and even physical attacks. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Famous for building the Titantic, the Belfast shipyard was founded in 1861 by Yorkshireman Edward Harland and his German business partner, Gustav Wolff. Our Sectors. I don't see anything very liberal about that." In 1920 Catholics and socialists were violently driven out of Harland and Wolff in a foretaste of the large-scale sectarian violence which was part of the creation of the six-county state. Oil & Gas. Yet precisely the same political allegiance to an industrial strategy determined by the needs of British imperialism is hobbling the workers’ fightback. Much of the cargo that is transported across the planet is disposable plastic tat that ends up as landfill in a matter of weeks. Video. The Titanic was the best known of these. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Later on Tuesday, an insolvency request is expected to be filed at the High Court in Belfast, marking the end of a chapter of the city's industrial heritage. The firm survived two world wars; the partition of Ireland; the Troubles and the sinking of its most famous product. Renewables. A crash programme of investment to retool Harland and Wolff, retrain the existing workforce and overcome some of the technology’s current limitations is an obvious route for a nationalised company to take and fits in perfectly with Labour’s priorities. The firm’s management at the time turned a blind eye to the militant sectarianism and the workers were happy to blur the distinction between local union officials and sectarian gunmen. The union response has been abysmal. £10. The shipyard's contribution to the British war effort also made Belfast docks a key target for German bombers. It was an important UK asset during World War Two, producing 140 warships, 123 merchant ships and more than 500 tanks. Defence. He was a Shankill Rd man who signed the Ulster Covenant, but he was never what you would call 'anti-Catholic' per say. This, coupled with competition from Japan, led to difficulties for the British shipbuilding industry. Fifty years later, as the Troubles took hold in Northern Ireland, Catholic workers complained of intimidation inside the shipyard. The last liner that the company launched was MV Arlanza for Royal Mail Line in 1960, whilst the last liner completed was SS Canberra for P&O in 1961. Our new team represents some of the … .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Sydney records hottest November night on record.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Durham van traveller Esther Dingley missing in Pyrenees2, Zappos ex-boss and Las Vegas entrepreneur Tony Hsieh, 46, dies after house fire3, Covid: Boris Johnson writes to MPs to quell anger over new tiers4, American football: Sarah Fuller makes history as first woman in a Power 5 game5, Serbia and Montenegro expel respective ambassadors6, Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: PM claims capture of regional capital Mekelle7, Hundreds get wrong results due to Covid test error8, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh: What were the motives behind his killing?9, Serbia coronavirus: The Church losing its leaders to the pandemic10.